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Be sure to visit our glossary page as well.

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Help & Resources

  • Agricultural Extension and other Mango Publications
  • An Overall Experience!

    **Pioneering Excellence: Mango Database Unveiled**

    Mango Database emerges as a trailblazing haven for mango enthusiasts, introducing a host of exclusive features that distinguish it from attempts to replicate its success. Explore the unique elements that make Mango Database an unparalleled platform for mango collectors:

    1. **Contemporary and User-Friendly Design:**
       Mango Database boasts a sleek and intuitive design, providing users with a modern and enjoyable experience. The platform's interface is not only visually appealing but also highly user-friendly.

    2. **Efficient Load Times and Responsive Design:**
       Users benefit from faster load times, ensuring seamless navigation. The website's responsiveness allows mango aficionados to access it effortlessly across various devices, enhancing convenience.

    3. **Extensive Mango Variety Collection with Images:**
       Mango Database takes pride in its extensive collection of mango varieties, accompanied by high-quality images. This feature enables users to explore and visually appreciate a diverse range of mangoes.

    4. **Comprehensive Search Criteria:**
       Finding the perfect mango is made easy with Mango Database's broad set of search criteria. Users can swiftly locate their desired varieties, streamlining the search process.

    5. **Mapping and Member Proximity:**
       The platform integrates mapping functionality, illustrating the geographical distribution of mango varieties. Additionally, member proximity details assist users in identifying varieties suitable for their specific climate or region.

    6. **Custom Variety Lists and User Notes:**
       Users enjoy complete control over their mango collections with the ability to create custom variety lists. The inclusion of user notes for the "Owned" list allows personal insights and annotations for each variety.

    7. **Catalog for Owned Varieties:**
       Mango collectors can maintain a comprehensive catalog for each owned variety, ensuring all crucial information is centralized. This catalog is shareable, printable, and editable at any time.

    8. **Mango Database QR System:**
       Mango Database introduces an innovative QR system, allowing users to print QR codes for any variety. These codes can be used to label plants, share information with friends, and quickly upload data with a simple scan.

    9. **Member Reviews and Star Ratings:**
       Mango enthusiasts can contribute to the community by sharing their experiences through original member reviews and star ratings, providing valuable insights to fellow collectors.

    10. **Interactive Submission Forms:**
        Users can actively participate by submitting variety details, descriptions, and photographs. The platform encourages collaborative information sharing and community engagement. Is there a mango variety we forgot to add or a new one we don't know about yet? Fill out this form and help us and the community out.

    11. **Private Messaging and Following System:**
        An updated private messaging system facilitates communication between members for trades and information exchange. The following system is in development, promising enhanced connectivity among mango collectors.

    12. **Accomplishments and Badge System:**
        Mango Database introduces a point system called "Accomplishments," rewarding users for contributing information, descriptions, images, and feedback. The custom badge system recognizes and celebrates contributors based on earned points.

    13. **Personalized Profile Features:**
        Users can share more about themselves through a dedicated "About Me" section, fostering a sense of community and connection.

    14. **Dedicated Facebook Page:**
        Stay abreast of the latest news and updates through Mango Database's dedicated Facebook page, ensuring a direct line of communication with the mango community.

    Mango Database is not just a repository of mango information; it's a thriving community that celebrates the diversity and allure of mango cultivation. As you embark on your mango journey, we invite you to savor the richness of this unique platform. And stay tuned for much more to come in the near future!

  • Facebook Groups

  • Feedback For Other Members

    Now members have the awesome option to leave another member feedback. Have you done a trade or bought something from another member before? How about you go ahead and share your experience by leaving feedback on their page! It's simple!

    • Visit any member's profile and on the left (sidebar), you will see the feedback box as pictured below.
    • Once you leave them feedback, it will be displayed publicly on their profile page as pictured below.


    We encourage everyone to share their profile with others they have traded with, bought from or sold to in order to grow your reputation and or experience in the community. You can do this by simply sending your friends a link to your profile page and asking them to leave you some feedback.

  • Growing Supplies

  • Hardiness Zone Maps
  • Harvesting

    Q: How do I avoid sapburn?

    A: Sapburn occurs when the sap that first squirts from the fruit at destemming comes in contact with the fruit skin. It is worst in Kensington Pride. Use harvesting and handling techniques that minimise sap coming in contact with mango skin.

    Q: Which sapburn protectant should I use?

    A: The choice of protectant chemical depends on the harvest and desapping system being used.

        Picking with stems and desapping in the packing shed
        The fruit is covered with detergent before the stalk is removed to prevent sap directly contacting the skin. As the fruit are placed on the packing line water sprays remove the detergent and any sap residue. The best choice in this situation are detergents such as Cold Power® or LOC or wetting agents such as Agral®. The mixing rate is 1 mL or 1 g per litre of water. Staff who desap fruit must keep their hands clean of sap as a lot of sapburn has been attributed to ´sappy fingers´.
        Harvest aids or desapping into a detergent solution.
        These handling systems leave sap residues on the fruit and a neutralising additive such as Mango Wash® or hydrated lime is the most effective chemical for the wash solution. Mango Wash® is a neutraliser and detergent mixture and needs no additives. When hydrated lime is used, it is mixed with a detergent such as Agral®. The mixing rate is 10 g of hydrated lime with 1 mL of Agral® per litre of water.

    Q: How should I harvest my mangoes?

    A: There are two major harvesting and handling systems that minimise sapburn and skin browning. Both are effective when used correctly:

        Pick mangoes with stems attached and desap (take the stems off) them in the packing shed
        Use harvest aids and desap mangoes in the field.

  • Here are some common questions and answers that mango growers often ask:

    1. What are the best conditions for growing mango trees?


    Mango trees thrive in tropical and subtropical climates with temperatures ranging from 24°C to 30°C (75°F to 86°F). They require well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5. Mango trees prefer full sun and should be planted in a location where they receive at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. They also need protection from strong winds and frost, as these conditions can damage the trees.

    2. How often should I water my mango tree?


    Young mango trees should be watered regularly to keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. During the first year, water the tree every 2-3 days. Once established, mango trees are more drought-tolerant and should be watered deeply every 1-2 weeks. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so ensure the soil has good drainage. Reduce watering during the winter months when the tree is dormant.

    3. When and how should I fertilize my mango tree?


    Fertilize young mango trees every 1-2 months during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced fertilizer that includes nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Once the tree begins to bear fruit, typically after 3-5 years, apply a high-potassium fertilizer three times a year: after flowering, after fruit set, and after harvesting. Avoid over-fertilization, as this can lead to excessive vegetative growth at the expense of fruit production.

    4. How can I protect my mango tree from pests and diseases?


    Common pests that affect mango trees include aphids, mealybugs, and scale insects. Diseases such as anthracnose and powdery mildew can also pose problems. To protect your mango tree:

    - Regularly inspect the tree for signs of pests and diseases.

    - Use neem oil or insecticidal soap to control pests.

    - Prune the tree to improve air circulation and reduce the risk of fungal infections.

    - Apply a copper-based fungicide during the flowering period to prevent anthracnose.

    - Keep the area around the tree free of fallen leaves and debris, which can harbor pests and diseases.

    5. When is the best time to harvest mangoes, and how can I tell if they are ripe?


    The best time to harvest mangoes is when they have reached full size and have begun to change color, depending on the variety. Signs of ripeness include a slight give when gently squeezed, a sweet aroma near the stem, and a change in color from green to yellow, red, or orange. It's important to pick the fruit before it becomes overripe and falls off the tree. Mangoes will continue to ripen after being harvested, so they can be picked when they are mature but still firm.

  • Informational Forums & Websites

  • Mango Database QR System

    An exceptional feature created by Mango Database to help you have a more enjoyable and easier experience into your mango journey. The QR code was a request by Travis ( WIFigger ), a Our Figs member. He asked for something simple that would help him out while he was in the garden. And we went ahead and implemented the QR code system. The QR codes can help in many ways. In fact, the things you can use it for are almost endless.

    So lets start with where you can find the QR Codes:

    • You can find it on any variety detail page you visit while doing your reseach as shown below. Just below the qr code, you can see the print option.

    • You can find a few options on your lists on your profile page, under the "My Collection" tab, in the form of a drom-down bar.

    1. One option is (Print My Collection) to print out all of your collection (includes variety image, variety name, description and QR code).
    2. Second option is (Print All QR Codes) to print out your entire collection's QR codes.
    3. Third option is (Download Collection PDF) to download your entire collection in PDF format.
    4. Fourth option is (Download Collection List PDF) to download only the names of varieties in your collection (This is handy for when you are trading and need to share with other members what you have in your collection).

    (All images are a part of MangoDatabase.com's sister site FigDatabase.com)


  • Mapping System

    Mango Database's mapping system works in mulple different ways. It uses your zone and aproximate location (for safety) selected at registration. It is then displayed in the following sections:

    • Home page, to show the number of registered members from around the world.
    • In the variety detail pages, under the tab "Growing Locations" you can see on the map, Mango Database members and location in which a variety is being grown (when you add a variety to your "Collection" list, it displays your username and location in the map, on that specific mango variety's detail page.

    • On a user's profile page, as per location of the user. You can see a Mango Database member's approximate location.

  • More Into Your Catalog

    This is just another one of Mango Database's special feature. You now have a special catalog so that you can add specific information to any of your mango varieties saved under your "My Collection" list.

    Once you click on the varieties catalog button, it will open the catalog form for you to enter and record all of your information. Many useful fields have been provided to you for good record keeping. Do not forget to click on the UPDATE CATALOG button to save your entry.

    Notice also that within this form, you have the option to print or share.

  • Planting and varieties

    Q: What varieties should I plant?

    A: The varieties you choose will depend on the growing region and your target market. You may want to plant varieties from different harvesting times or an early, mid and late season variety.

    Q: Should I use grafted plants or seedlings?

    A: Kensington Pride can be grown from seed or grafted. Most other varieties (Kent, Palmer and Keitt) need to be grafted because they do not grow true-to-type from seed. Grafted plants produce earlier, are less vigorous and have a more uniform production than plants grown from seed.

    Q: What tree spacings should I use?

    A: Tree spacings will depend on variety and how you will prune and manage your mature trees. Varieties such as Keitt and Palmer can be planted closer than more vigorous types such as Kensington Pride. If you plan to prune your trees as a hedgerow, they can be planted closer within the row. Row spacing should allow easy access for machinery when trees reach full maturity.

    Q: How long before my trees bear fruit?

    A: Grafted trees will settle into a cropping pattern by the third year after planting and reach peak production in six to eight years. Seedling trees take a year longer to come into production.

  • Post-harvest handling mangoes

    Q: Should I artificially ripen mangoes?

    A: Mangoes are generally harvested in a mature but still firm, green state. Ethylene gas can be used to trigger ripening of fruit, bringing on uniform colouring and ripening. The results from gassing depend on critical temperature management during and after ethylene treatment. Your decision on whether to gas fruit or not should be made in consultation with your agent/wholesaler because ripened fruit has a shorter storage life and will need to move quickly through the market chain.

    Q: Do mangoes need refrigeration?

    A: Fruit should be cooled within 48 hours of harvest to prolong storage life, maximise fruit quality and improve colour development. Uncooled fruit tends to ripen irregularly and is more prone to post-harvest diseases.

    Q: What temperature should mangoe be stored at?

    A: Mangoes ripen evenly between 18° and 22°C. Hard green mangoes can be stored at 13°C until they start to ripen, and ripe fruit can be cooled to 5°C for about four days.

    Q: Do I need to dip mangoes?

    A: Fruit sold to areas free of fruit fly must be treated according to the fruit fly certification agreement in place for that destination. This will include dipping or a post-harvest spray with an insecticide in addition to your pre-harvest fruit fly control program. Treatment for post-harvest diseases is recommended, though it is not compulsory.

  • Problems

    Q: Why are the  flowers on my mango tree turning black?

    A: The fungal disease anthracnose is the most common cause of flowers turning black. The symptoms are small black spots developing on the flowers, stalks and small fruit. Preventative sprays can reduce the risk of infection. Fruitspotting bugs and bacterial flower disease also cause black spots on the inflorescence.

    Q: How do I control bacterial black spot?

    A: Bacterial black spot invades young leaves and fruit mainly through surface damage caused by wind. Windbreaks reduce wind damage to trees and thus help to control infection. A sustained regular spray program using a recommended fungicide will manage the disease.

    Q: Why are the leaves on my mango tree going brown?

    A: Leaves turn brown for many reasons but the main cause is the disease anthracnose. Young leaves are particularly susceptible to infection and it is worse in wet conditions. If it is mainly the tips of the leaves turning brown, it is probably fertiliser burn or saline irrigation water. Leafminers tunnelling through leaves can also cause leaves to turn brown.

    Q: Why is my new growth wilting?

    A: Two insects are the most likely cause of new growth wilting:

        The fruitspotting bug sucks sap from new growth, which causes grooves along the length of the new stems, causing them to wilt.
        The mango tipborer hollows out the inside of new stems, causing more severe wilting than the fruitspotting bug. If you cut the stem lengthwise, you will find that it is hollowed out, often with a small caterpillar inside.

    Q: Why do some fruit never get bigger than an egg?

    A: Egg-sized fruit are the result of poor pollination caused by cool night temperatures during flowering. Some of the fruit fall off and others will develop to egg-size. These fruit are commonly called nubbins. If you cut them open, you will find there is no seed.

    Q: Why are my fruit splitting?

    A: The main reason for fruit splitting is infection by bacterial black spot.

    Q: There is a hollow in the fruit. What is that?

    A: A hollow in the fruit is an occasional problem in Kensington Pride and some other varieties. The hollow develops at the top of the fruit where it is connected to the stem, and is known as stem-end cavity. It is related to a nutritional imbalance in the tree and to fruit hanging on the tree for too long.

    Q: Why do my mangoes stay green?

    A: Incorrect ripening practices and high nitrogen levels in the tree are the most common causes of mangoes staying green when ripe. More information

    Q: How do I avoid skin browning?

    A: Incorrect harvesting and postharvest handling practices cause skin browning. You need to manage your system to minimise skin damage from sap contamination, bumping, dirt, wetness and heat.

  • Recommended Books

  • Repository Of Mango PDF Files

    If you come across a PDF file that is not included in the Mango Database or the list below, please contact us to have it included.

    A New Generation of Mangos for Florida

    'Angie' Mango for South Florida

    Characterization of the Haitian Mango Industry

    'Cogshall', A Mango for the Home Garden

    Conservation and Commercial Development of Mangifera Species (Wild Mangos) in Florida

    'Dot' A Gourmet Mango Cultivar for the Home Garden

    Economic Feasibility of Small-Scale Specialty Mango Production in South Florida

    Ground Covers for Organic Mango Production in South Florida

    Horticultural Lessons Within the William F. Whitman Tropical Fruit Pavilion

    Improving Harvest and Postharvest Practices on ‘Mallika’ Mango for the Local Industry

    Mangifera indica (Mango): Gillman

    Mangifera indica (mango): Traditional Tree

    Mango Colour Guide

    Mango Defect Guide

    Mango Forum Report

    Mango Growing in the Florida Home Landscape

    Mango Handling Guide Export

    Mango, manako

    Mango Plant Guide

    Mango Postharvest Best management Practices Manual

    Mango ripening guide

    Mango Temperature Guide

    MR 109 Mexico Mango VC Analysis


    ‘Rosigold’, an Early-maturing Cultivar for the Florida Estate Farm

    Sensory Evaluation of 15 Mango Cultivars in South Florida

    The 'Fairchild' Mango

    The Mango in Florida - 1887 to 1962

    The 'Parvin' Mango

    The Potential of New Mangifera Species in Florida

    The 'Ruby' Mango

    The 'Tommy Atkins' Mango

    The 'Torbert' Mango

    The 'Vallenato' Mango

    The 'Van Dyke' Mango

    Training and Pruning a Mango Orchard to Improve Blooming and Yield in South Florida

    Tropical Fruits

    Tropical Research and Education Center (TREC)

  • Spraying

    Q: Do I have to spray my mangoes?

    A: Many pests and disorders attack mangoes. They include the diseases bacterial black spot and anthracnose and the pests fruit fly, mango scale and fruitspotting bug. Most growers control these with a regular spray program. Completely organic production is only possible if you grow your trees in an area that is not prone to wet weather during fruiting and is free of fruit fly.

  • Starting an orchard

    Q: Is my farm suitable for growing mangoes?

    A: Mangoes prefer a frost-free climate with a cool dry winter. They will grow on a wide range of soils but prefer light, well-drained soil of reasonably low fertility. Slopes should not be too steep to allow safe machinery access. You will need about 6 ML of water per hectare per year.


  • Tell Everyone About Yourself

    You now have the option to write a short "About Me" on your own profile page.

  • Translations and definitions used for mango varieties or in the mango community

    Want to contribute? Send us a message with your info.

    Mango in other countries:

    kangit (Chuuk, Pohnpei)

    idele (Palau)

    mago (Niue, Samoa, Tuvalu)

    manako (Hawai‘i)

    manggo, am (Fiji)

    mangko (Kiribati)

    mango (English)

    mango (Tonga)

    mangot, mangue, manguier (French)

    mangueira (Yap)

    Brahm Kai Meu (Thai) = is a phonetic spelling of the Thai word: Prahmnskaiemii. It is said that roughly translated, it means that the taste is so good even a Brahmin (the Hindu caste of teachers, priests and keepers of knowledge) would give up his wife for a Brahm Kai Meu mango.

    Chocanon (Thai) = very lucky

    Japprawat (Thai) = emperor (Japprawat was a species for ma-prang (sangaria) but sometimes thai also speak about that for mango). It means it is for the emperor (but they have a king in thailand). The best fruits are for the emperor or king in asian countrys so that is how they get their names.

    Keau savoi (Thai) = green eating. Also write as Khiao sawoei, Keo Savoy, Khieo sawoei and even Keow Savoy

    Mahanchanok (Thai) = great father (something like a king)

    Mun sam ru do (Thai) = 3 seasons

    Nam Doc Mai (Thai) = sweet water from flowers or "sweet juice of a flower," alluding to a flower's sweet nectar.

    Neelam or Neelum (India) = is a given name, taken from the Sanskrit word for sapphire.

    Sam ru du (Thai) = is what thai people call the 3 seasons. Without the Mun in front which I think is blessed with wisdom. It is highly valued in Thailand.

    Sia Tong/Si Thong (Thai) = Golden

  • Tree management

    Q: How can I protect my trees from frost?

    A: The best way to protect trees is to grow them on frost-free land. You can protect young trees by wrapping their trunks in sisalation or similar insulating material for their first winter. Another method is to irrigate for an hour or two until sunrise, just before frost settling.

    Q: Should I hedgerow my new plantings?

    A: Hedgerowing will depend on tree spacing. Tree spacings of less than 4 m lend themselves well to hedging as opposed to managing wider spaced individual trees.

    Q: How tall should I let my trees grow?

    A: For efficient harvesting and effective spray coverage keep trees less than 4.5 m high.

    Q: How and when do I prune?

    A: Young mango trees should be pruned every one to two flushes to maximise branching and fruiting terminals. When trees reach bearing age, prune them each year to maintain size, thin out the canopy and remove dead wood. Prune by hand with secateurs or machine prune. The main pruning is done after harvest.

    Q: When should I fertilise my trees?

    A: In bearing trees, most fertiliser is applied after harvest. The rest is applied at flowering and early fruit growth. Young trees require regular fertilising every two to three months to encourage continuous, strong growth.

    Q: How much fertiliser should I use?

    A: The amount of fertiliser you use will depend on soil type, tree size and cropping history. Always do a leaf and soil analysis before planning your fertiliser program.

    Q: How much gypsum do I need and how often should I apply it?

    A: Gypsum supplies additional calcium to the plant without changing the pH of the soil. The normal application rate is about 5 t/ha or 500 g/sq.m. Gypsum is normally applied soon after harvest, and before flowering.

    Q: How much water do my mangoes need, and when?

    A: Mangoes are a deep-rooted crop and a mature tree needs a large volume of water. The amount of water required depends on the size of the tree and the time of the year. An orchard's water requirements can exceed 6 ML/ha a year. At peak demand, from fruit set to harvest, a mature tree may need over 2000 L per week.

    Q: Why don´t my trees flower?

    A: Mango trees are sensitive to climatic conditions at flower initiation. They need a dormant period in winter to initiate flowering. Poor flowering can also result from reduced carbohydrate reserves in the tree from a very heavy crop the previous season, or from late pruning.

    Q: Why do my trees flower but not set fruit?

    A: Poor fruit set can be caused by poor pollination due to cold weather at flowering, or fungal diseases such as anthracnose in the flowers. There are also several insects that eat the flowers.

    Q: My trees are flowering early when the nights are cold. What should I do?

    A: Early flowering at this time is difficult to manage. Flowers can be cut off as long as the weather stays cool. Healthy trees will produce new flowers in about six weeks. Remember to cut off just the flower panicle. There is a risk that late flower removal can result in the production of a leaf flush rather than flowers as the weather gets warmer.

    Q: Why are my fruit dropping off?

    A: Mango flowers will set many more fruit then the tree can hold and will have significant fruit drop. Other reasons for fruit falling off include water stress, poor pollination, disease and insect attack.

    Q: When are my mangoes ready to pick?

    A: Fruit that is ready for harvest should have a minimum dry matter of 14% and should be well filled at the beak and shoulders. When the fruit is cut open, the internal flesh is a uniform pale yellow. The internal flesh of immature fruit is white.

  • Using The Advanced Search Function

    Created to be used with ease. Just like the basic search function, but with more details to select from. You can be even more specific using the advanced search function. 1) Select the "Advanced Search" button. This will extend the search menu. 2) Select any of the drop down bar options or bullet options available to conduct your search. 3) Click on the "Search" button and it will show you results according to your selected choices.

    (Picture may show as an example from Fig Database or an older version of Mango Database)

    You can also combine your selection of options (e.g. selecting Search By Type: Common, Search By Flavor Group: Honey, Cold Hardy: Yes and clicking will redirect you to all varieties currently fitting those selected choices).

  • Variety Lists

    Variety lists is an idea created by Mango Database to give the users the ability to track their entire collection and information within one place. Do research, add varieties, edit or share from anywhere they are at with the rest of the community. The lists are located (and mostly used thru) in the variety detail pages you visit as pictured below. Once you click on any of these tabs to add them to your list/s (located on your personal profile for management), the selected tabs will turn green, meaning they have been added to your list. The wording on these tabs will then change with the option to "remove from the list". If you click on any of the green tabs, it will then go back to no color, indicating it is not added to your list.

    The lists consist of the following:

    • Wishlist - You can add varieties to your own wishlist and while visiting a members profile page, look at what's in their wishlist.
    • Collection - You can add varieties to your own collection and while visiting a members profile page, look at what's in their collection.
    • Tasted - You can add varieties you've tasted before and add them to your list in this category. And as previousely mentioned, while on a members profile page, you can see what varieties they have tasted.
    • Owned - You can add to this list varieties you have owned before and for whatever reason, no longer own.


    Managing Your Lists

    • Location and management of your lists is done thru your profile page. Here, you will be able to see your lists thru tabs, as pictured below.

    • My Wishlist - Here is where you find varieties you have added thru the variety detail page by clicking on the "Add to wishlist" button.
    • My Collection - Here is where you find varieties you have added thru the variety detail page by clicking on the "Add to collection" button.
      • Under this tab, you will notice that each and every variety contains a "Catalog" button as pictured below.

    • Inside each catalog, you have a form (pictured below) with pre-made fields you can fill out to keep records and information of your varieties, hence making your collection manageble, organized and having it all in just one place for a quick look-up to read or make changes at any time. You can print or share your catalog at any time.

    • Tasted - On this tab, you will see varieties you've added from the variety detail page which you have selected to add as varieties you have tasted before.
    • Owned - Here are varieties you have added from the variety detail page in which you selected to add because at one point in time, you owned the specified variety.
      • Under this tab, you will notice that each and every variety added to this list contains a "Notes" button as pictured below.

    • Notes was added because if you're like me (Rigo), I like to have a note section to write a reason as to why the spific variety is no longer in my collection (why I got rid of it). When you click on the notes button, you will see a simple box to write your notes and then you can save, as pictured below.

  • Where To Buy Scions, Trees & Fruits?
  • YouTube Channels

    If you are a mango aficionado and have a YouTube channel, we'd love to include your channel on here for everyone to be able to find you!

    Fruitful Trees

    Living With Mangos